Space4SDGs: An elucidated review

Published by- Joy Agrawal on 26/05/2021

Humanity has developed since its inception. The modern species have been exploiting the unthinkable of the resources present on Earth. This calls for action because it has led to overexploitation of resources making an insecure future for our future generation. Pollution of air, water and soil leads to an insecure future in terms of access to fresh air, water and soil to grow food. Overexploitation of fuels is ensuring that future generations don’t even have to study organic chemistry because it would be studied by historians. We are shackling our future generations to the very limited resources that we plan to leave them. It is the designated resources of future that rich conglomerates thrive on. These arguments call for action or rather called for action and that’s when in 1987 environmentalists-cum-diplomats came up with the term sustainable development referring to developing and exploiting resources just enough to meet our demands meanwhile ensuring a secure access to these resources for our future generations. Finally in 2015, world leaders passed the sustainable development goals which set it for 2030.

UNOOSA, the space segment of the Untied Nations created Space4SGDs which stands for Space for Sustainable Development Goals. It explores how space technology can help in SDG goals for 2030. Satellite monitoring, communications, satellite internet and remote sensing can contribute to these goals in various ways.

There are 17 elaborate and well documented goals that the UN has put a deadline on by 2030, namely:

  1. Poverty

  2. Zero Hunger

  3. Good Health & Well Being

  4. Quality Education

  5. Gender Equality

  6. Clean Water & Sanitation

  7. Affordable & Clean Energy

  8. Decent Work & Economic Growth

  9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

  10. Reduced Inequalities

  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities

  12. Responsible Consumption & Production

  13. Climate Action

  14. Life Below Water

  15. Life on Land

  16. Peace Justice & Strong Institutions

  17. Partnerships for the goals

In this 17 part blog series, the above goals will be further described with facts and figures and further I will elucidate on contributions of space towards these policies and some real life examples of how space technology is helping and helped contribute to the above goals.