Other renewable sources of energy like solar, wind or tidal are directly or indirectly dependent on solar rays. Solar energy directly harnesses the energy from solar rays and converts it into electricity. Wind energy which is produced from wind rotating the turbines is formed due to a pressure difference. Even tidal waves are formed due to the sun because of gravitational pull of sun and moon. There is an interesting concept known as PowerSats which are essentially space based solar panels, in space all the bands of sun rays will reach our satellite like Ultraviolet and nothing will are filtered. This energy can be harnessed as solar power and wirelessly transmitted back to Earth for utilisation.
Space-based satellites can monitor solar activity and forecast the solar energy production for all over the Earth. Even pressure system identification can aid in wind direction and velocity forecasting which can give an insight into the days wind energy production. Satellite imagery can aid in power grid design. Satellite imagery can help identify the best places for wind mills where the pressure system is most low. It can also give an insight into optimal places for solar farms where generally the weather is clear and maximum sun rays reach the most. Satellite monitoring can also help in monitoring certain natural gas hotspots to check for illegal drilling activities.
It can also monitor pollution over different industrial regions where fossil fuels are produced to check if these are in the optimal range for pollution.