Space4SDG11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

Published by- Joy Agrawal on 5/06/2021

The modern cities of today take up a lot of planning to maintain in the condition that the public would appreciate. It takes up a huge task force to not only plan new things but even to maintain the existing resources. Maximum population of world lives in the cities. This puts stress on the resources available there. Due to high population there are a lot of transportation vehicles there which cause a lot of pollution. This is leading to increase in the air quality index. Efficient planning can help release the stress from natural resources and also help decrease the air quality index. Utilisation of global navigation satellite system can help in planning routes for public transport vehicles and also private vehicles to avoid traffic jams thus pollution which can be avoided. Earth observation can help detect civilian rallies or perhaps jams caused by protests, these can avoid pollution and also help the police counter the protesters for smart city operations.

Satellite data can help in urban planning. An important system for efficient infrastructural planning to make things accessible to the target market and also to shorten routes for raw material perhaps in order to avoid pollution. It can be used for planning setting up of the smart grid in the most efficient way possible and also keep the hubs far from highly populous city centres.

Urban Planning Credit: European Space Imaging

It can help in planning of water management facilities which can be efficient to involve the shortest path into the city or perhaps waste disposal system planning to keep it at an accessible distance from the city meanwhile avoiding setting it up too close.

Road planning and solar farm setting up can also take help of satellite imagery for efficiency.

It can very importantly be used for setting up of Local Law enforcement agency offices to keep them according to crime demographics and fast accessibility.

Satellite observation can help measure the air quality of the local regions within an urban city to control and keep a check on pollution. Encouraging use of public transport through public awareness of pollution index can be done. In case of an emergency or disaster, satellite data can be used to track the regions hit and measure destructiveness for emergency services to be activated. It can help the emergency services to reach targeted locations while avoiding the regions affected by the disasters and also avoid the damaged roads. One major application of satellite technology in this field can be monitoring the health of the infrastructure. Public infrastructure like power lines, water pipes, railway tracks, public bridges and railway tracks can be monitored via satellite imagery on a daily basis to inspect and track the health of a structure, so that if deterioration is seen then a disaster can be averted.

Structural Health Monitoring

All things considered space technology can potentially contribute a lot to urban planning. It can help in city planning, maintenance and disaster management. It can help reduce pollution through efficient route planning. Avert disasters due structural failures through regular monitoring. It can help plan the water management, waste disposal and electric power infrastructure for a city. It can also aid in disaster management efforts for route planning and identifying zones hit.